From the Terminal
In Linux Discord stores it's data in XDG_CONFIG_HOME which is ~/.config by default. It also uses /tmp for a discord.sock file which it uses to determinate if there is already a running process.
Simply set both TMPDIR and XDG_CONFIG_HOME to an alternative and launch discord.
/bin/bash -c "export XDG_CONFIG_HOME=~/.nya; export TMPDIR=~/nya; /opt/discord/Discord"
In Gentoo Discord installs to /opt so change that to your location.